Works Cited and Further Readings – Ecology

Armstrong-Buck, Susan. 1989. “Nonhuman Experience: A Whiteheadian Analysis,” in Process Studies 18.1, 1-18.

______. 1991. “What Process Philosophy Can Contribute to the Land Ethic and Deep Ecology,” in Trumpeter 8.1, 29-34.

______. 1986. “Whitehead’s Metaphysical System as a Foundation for Environmental Ethics,” in Environmental Ethics 8, 241-59.

Baker-Fletcher, Karen. 2002. “Dust and Spirit,” in Strike Terror No More; Theology, Ethics, and the New War, edited by Jon L. Berquist (St. Louis MS: Chalice Press), 280-286.

Birch, L. Charles. 1973. “A Biological Basis for Human Purpose,” in Zygon 8.3-4, 244-60.

______, and John B. Cobb, Jr. 1990. The Liberation of Life (Denton, Environmental Ethics Books).

______, William Eakin, and Jay B. McDaniel (eds.). 1990. Liberating Life: Contemporary Approaches to Ecological Theology (Maryknoll, NY, Orbis Books).

______. 1990. A Purpose for Everything (Mystic CT: Twenty-Third Publications).

______. June 2001. “Environmental Ethics in Process Thought,” in Concrescence: The Australasian Journal of Process Thought (Available at: – ISSN 1445-4297).

Clifton, Chas and Graham Harvey, ed. 2003. The Paganism Reader (New York: Routledge).

Cobb, Clifford W. and John B. Cobb Jr. 1994. The Green National Product: A Proposed Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (Lanham MD, University Press of America).

Cobb, John B. Jr. 1973. “Ecology, Ethics and Theology,” in Toward a Steady-State Economy, edited by Herman Daly (San Francisco, W. H. Freeman), 307-320.

______. 1988. “A Christian View of Biodiversity,” Biodiversity, edited by E. O. Wilson (Washington DC, National Academy Press), 481-85.

______. 1988. “Ecology, Science, and Religion,” in The Reenchantment of Science, edited by David Ray Griffin (Albany, State University of New York Press), 99-113.

______. 1992. Sustainability: Economics, Ecology, and Justice (Maryknoll, NY, Orbis).

______. 1995 (1972). Is It Too Late? A Theology of Ecology, Revised Edition (Denton, Environmental Ethics Books).

______. 2000. “Christianity, Economics, and Ecology,” in Christianity and Ecology, edited by Dieter Hessel and Rosemary Radford Ruether (Cambridge, Harvard University Press), 497-511.

______. 2001. “Protestant Theology and Deep Ecology,” in Deep Ecology and World Religions: New Essays on Sacred Ground, editey byDavid Landis Barnhill and Roger S. Gottlieb (Albany, State University of New York Press Press), 213-228.

______. 2001. “Deep Ecology and Process Thought,” in Process Studies 30.1,112-131.

______. 2004. “Palmer on Whitehead: A Critical Evaluation,” in Process Studies 33.1, 4-23.

Christ, Carol P. 1998. Rebirth of the Goddess (New York, Routledge).

______. 2003. She Who Changes (New York, Palgrave Macmillan).

Daly, Herman E. 1999. Ecological Economics and the Ecology of Economics: Essasys in Criticism. Cheltennham (Northampton, Edward Elgar).

______ and John B. Cobb, Jr. (with contributions by Clifford W. Cobb.). 1994. For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community, the Environment, and a Sustainable Future (Boston, Beacon Press).

Deckers, Jan. 2004. “Christianity and Ecological Ethics. The Significance of Process Thought and a Panexperientialist Critique on Strong Anthropocentrism,” in Ecotheology 9, no. 3. 359-387.

Dombrowski, Daniel. 1984. The Philosophy of Vegetariansim (Amherst, the University of Massachusetts Press).

______. 1988. Hartshorne and the Metaphysics of Animal Rights (Albany, State University of New York Press Press).

______. 1997. Babies and Biests. The argument from Marginal Cases (Chicago, University of Illinois Press).

______. 2001. “The Replaceability Argument,” in Process Studies 30.1, 22-35.

Ferré Frederick. 1995. “Value, Time, and Nature,” in Environmental Ethics 17, 417-431.

______. 1996. Being and Value. Towards a Constructive Postmodern Metaphysics (Albany, State University of New York Press Press).

______. 2001. Living and Value. Towards a Constructive Postmodern Ethics. (Albany, State University of New York Press Press).

Gare, Arran. 1991. “Environmental Ethics and Process Philosophy,” in Trumpeter 8.1, 35-38.

______. June 2001. “Human Ecology, Process Philosophy and the Global Ecological Crisis,” in Concrescence: The Australasian Journal of Process Thought (Available at: – ISSN 1445-4297).

______. 2000. “Philosophy, Civilization, and the Global Ecological Crisis: The Challenge of Process Metaphysics to Scientific Materialism,” in Philosophy Today 44.3, 283-94.

_____. 1995. Postmodernism and the Environmental Crisis (New York, Routledge).

Grange, Joseph. 1977. Nature: An Environmental Cosmology (Albany, State University of New York Press Press).

Griffin, David Ray. 1992. “Green Spirituality: A Postmodern Convergence of Science and Religion,” in Journal of Theology. United Theological Seminary (Dayton, Ohio), 5-20.

______. 1993 “Whitehead’s Deeply Ecological Worldview,” in Worldviews and Ecology, edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker and John A. Grim (Lewisburg, P.A., Bucknell University Press), 190-206.

______. 2001. Reenchantment without Supernaturalism (New York, Cornell University Press).

Griffin, Susan. 1978. Woman and Nature (New York: Harper and Row).

Gunter, Pete A. Y. 2004. “A Whiteheadian Aesthetics of Nature: Beauty and the Forest,” in Process Studies 33.2, 314-322.

Hampe, Michael. 1988. Die Wahrnehmung der Organismen (Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

Hartshorne, Charles. 1978. “Foundations for a Humane Ethics: What Human Beings Have in Common with Other Higher Animals,” in On the Fifth Day: Animal Rights and Human Ethics, edited by Richard K. Morris and Michael W. Fox (Washington DC, Acropolis Books),154-72.

______. 1979. “The Rights of the Subhuman World,” in Environmental Ethics 1.1, 49-60.

Harvey, Graham. 2006. Animism: Respecting the Living World (New York: Columbia University Press).

Howell, Nancy. 1988. “The Promise of a Process Feminist Theory of Relations,” in Process Studies 17.2, 78-87.

Howell, Nancy. 2000. A Feminist Cosmology: Ecology, Solidarity, and Metaphysics (Amherst, Humanity Books).

Kachappilly, Kurian. June 2000. “‘Holocoenotic’ Nature of Ecology: An Indian Perspective of Ecotheology and Process Thought,” in Concrescence: The Australasian Journal of Process Thought (Available at – ISSN 1445-4297).

Keller, Catherine. 1996. “Postmodern ‘Nature’, Feminism and Community,” in Theology for Earth Community, edited by Dieter T. Hessel (New York, Orbis Books), 93-102.

______. 2001. “The Face of the Deep: Reflections on the Ecology of Process Though,” in Concrescence: The Australasian Journal of Process Thought (Available at – ISSN 1445-4297).

______. 2003. Face of the Deep. A Theology of Becoming (New York, Routledge).

McDaniel, Jay B. 1986. “Christian Spirituality as Openness to Fellow Creatures,” Environmental Ethics 8, 33-46.

______. 1988. “Land Ethics, Animal Rights, and Process Theology,” in Process Studies 17.2, 88-102.

______. 1989. Of God and Pelicans. A Theology of Reverence for Life (Kentucky, Westminster, John Knox Press).

______. 1990. Earth, Sky, Gods & Mortals: Developing an Ecological Spirituality. (Mystic CT, Twenty Third Publications).

Mcfague, Sallie. 1987. Models of God: Theology for an Ecological, Nuclear Age (Philadelphia, Fortress Press).

______. 1993. The Body of God. En Ecological Theology (Minneapolis, Fortress Press).

______. 2001. Life Abundant (Minneapolis, Fortress Press).

McIntosh, Robert, P. 1985. The Background of ecology. Concept and Theory (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press).

Menta, Timothy. 2004. “Clare Palmer’s Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking: a Hartshornean Response,” in Process Studies 33.1, 24 – 45.

Moses, Greg. 2000. “Process Ecological Ethics,” in Center for Process Studies Member Papers, 23.2 (Available from:

Muraca, Barbara. 2005. “Wie kann sich etwas, was noch nicht ist, sich aus seiner Zukunft heraus frei gestalten? Identitätsbildung zwischen Kausal- und Finalursache ausgehend von Whiteheads Kreativitätsbegriff,” in Kreativität. XX Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie. Sektionsbeiträge. Bd.1 edited by Günther Abel (Berlin, Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin).

Muraca, Barbara. 2005. “Welt, Umwelt, Mitwelt. Cultural, Natural, and Social World as Complex Intertwined Field of Internal Relations,” in Process Studies, 34.1, 98-115.

Muraca, Barbara. 2007. “Teleologie der Organismen: Grenzbegriff oder ontologische Notwendigkeit,” in Prozesse des Lebendigen. Zur Aktualität der Naturphilosophie A.N. Whiteheads, edited by Spyridon Koutroufinis (München, Karl Alber Verlag).

Nelson, Julie A. 2001. “Value as Relationality: Feminist, Pragmatist, and Process Thought Meet Economics,” in Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15.2, 137-151.

Ott, Konrad. 1994. Ökologie und Ethik (Tübingen, Attempto Verlag).

______. 1999. „Ethik und Naturschutz,“ in Handbuch Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege edited by Werner Konold, Reinhard Böckler, and Ulrich Hampicke (Landsberg, ecomed),1-17.

Palmer, Clare. 1992. “Process Theology as Ecological Theology,” in Theology in Green 1:1, 31-41.

______. 2004. “Response to Cobb and Menta,” in Process Studies 33.1, 46-70.

______. 1988. Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking (Oxford, Clarendon Press).

Prigogine, Ilya, and Isabelle Stengers. 1984. Order out of chaos: Man’s New Dialogue with Nature (New York, Bantam Books).

Solé, Ricard, and Brian Goodwin. 2000. Sings of Life. How Complexity pervades Biology (New York, Basic Books).

Spencer, Daniel T. 1996. Gay and Gaia: Ethics, Ecology, and the Erotic (Cleveland OH, Pilgrim Press).

Trepl, Ludwig. 1994. Geschichte der Ökologie (Weinheim, Beltz Athenäum Verlag).

Whitehead, Alfred North. 1978 (1929). Process and Reality. An Essay in Cosmology. Corrected Edition edited by David Ray Griffin and Donald W. Sherburne (New York: Free Press).

______. 1967 (1925). Science and the Modern World (New York: Free Press).

______. 1967 (1933). Adventures of Ideas (New York, Free Press).

______. 1985 (1927). Symbolism its Meaning and Effect (New York, Fordham University Press).

______. 1971 (1929). Function of Reason (Boston, Beacon Press).

______. 1968 (1938). Modes of Thought (New York, Free Press).